Choosing the right varieties for a Wyoming climate will increase your chance of success in establishing a thriving, healthy orchard that will produce fruit for many years to come. Through trial and error, the Miller family has identified several varieties of apples that thrive on their homestead near Laramie. These include: Prairie Magic, State Fair, Haralson, Keepsake, and Sweet Sixteen. Notice that these are varieties you are not likely to find at the grocery store! Here is another list of fruit tree varieties for Wyoming.
Do you have very old trees? Get in touch with the Wyoming Apple Project and find out if you have a rare cultivar worth saving.
- The best time to prune is after the tree has become dormant for the winter, and before it blooms in the spring. Young trees are the most sensitive to cold, and should be pruned earlier in the season before sub-zero temperatures set in.
- Determine what type of tree training system will work best for your trees (open center, central leader, espalier, etc).
- Remove all dead, damaged, or diseased wood and sterilize tools to prevent the spread of disease between trees.
- When pruning diseased wood, sanitize tools between cuts to prevent the spread of disease to other parts of the same tree, or other trees.
- Prune young trees lightly, and mature trees more heavily.
- Pruning in the winter will stimulate the growth of branches, while pruning the summer will generally retard growth.
Bulletins on Training and Pruning
- Training and Pruning your Home Orchard - Pacific Northwest Extension Bulletin
- Pruning Fruit Trees - University of Maine Extension
- Renovating Old Fruit Trees - Penn State Extension
Videos on Training and Pruning
- Pruning Fruit Trees - Oregon State University Extension
- How To Prune Fruit Trees Properly - New Mexico State University Extension
- Pruning Bartlett Pears - Washington State University Extension
- Training Young Fruit Trees - Oklahoma Gardening
Establishing and Caring for a Home Orchard
- Growing Tree Fruits in Colorado Gardens - Colorado State University Extension
- How to Graft Fruit Trees - UW Barnyards and Backyards
- Grafting and Budding Fruit Trees - University of Minnesota Extension
- Bridge Grafting Damaged Fruit Trees - USDA Agriculture Research Service
- Fertilizing Fruit Trees - Colorado State University Extension
Sources for Nursery Stock
There are many sources of nursery stock. Here are two nursery's that sell good quality product. If you are aware of other sources to include on this list please let me know.